The '''New Deal''' was a series of programs, including, most notably, Social Security, that were enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–37) of the Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt
. The programs were in response to the Great Depression in the United States|Great Depression
, and focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs", Relief, Recovery, and Reform: relief for the unemployment benefit|unemployed
and poor, recovery of the economy to normal levels, and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat great Depression|depression
The New Deal produced a political realignment, making the History of the Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic Party
the majority (as well as the party that held the White House for seven out of nine Presidential terms from 1933 to 1969),...